Advances in technology and increasing globalization are causing major changes in the nature of work. As firms adapt and adjust to these changes, they require new skills from their employees. In addition to skills related to formal qualifications, communication technology skills, and languages, various non-cognitive, interpersonal, and career management skills are also now required.
At the same time, the workforce is aging and diversifying. Key issues here concern how aging employees can cope with the changes in skills requirements and how the skills of increasingly diverse populations can be recognized, updated, and complemented and then applied in a productive working life.
This research project has two key objectives related to balancing workforce supply and demand:
- To identify the key cognitive and non-cognitive skills demanded by firms coping with the changes caused by globalization and related phenomena,
- To evaluate how different policies and interventions can induce individuals of different ages and in various social groups to acquire and improve those skills.
Tampere University of Technology participates in two sub-projects, SP6 and SP9. SP6 focuses on future skills and on-the-job learning. The main objective of SP6 is to analyze workplaces and apprenticeships as learning environments using two separate case studies covering apprenticeship training and skills competitions. SP9 investigates the digitalization of working life and relations between professional growth and the use of social network sites in public organizations and companies.